Microsoft powerpoint - stress and stress management.ppt [compatibility mode]

• How we can cope with or manage stress.
• All of us face stress in our lives at home/work • Life is full of circumstances that produce threats to our well being - stressors.
• Stressors (events) that produce stress can be • Stressors (events) that produce stress can be positive or negative eg planning this prog • Stress can have cumulative negative effects on our psychological, physiological and emotional well being.
physical and psychological demands upon a person.
events that threaten or challenge a person - stress hormones: adrenaline, cortisol, - stress response helps one rise to meet challenges. But if stress is persistent for a long time (chronic), it will lead to deleterious effects.
• Suggests that a person’ s response to stress • Exhaustion – failure to adapt leading to physical, psychological and social probs.
- divorce- marriage separation- jail term- death of a close relative - injury or illness.
- marriage.
- Loss of job.
- marriage crisis.
- re • Strong stressors occurring suddenly and • Floods, plane crashes, fire, multiple RTA • People know that the worst is behind them • Some develop Post Traumatic Stress Disorder • Daily hassles like delays, broken appliances, people’s irritating behaviour, dissatisfion with job/school, unpleasant relationships, crowded housing with no privacy.
• Exposure to dirty environ, exhaust fumes, pollution including noise, excess heat or cold • Minor irritations but no long term ill effects • They may cause if continued or compounded • Eustress – positive: stimulates; leads to fulfillment & achievement of goals & ob • Distress – negative: This is persistent & long time pressure; mostly bad because of duration.
Chronic stress can:- Raise BP.
- Increase the risk of heart attack & stroke.
- Su - Contribute to infertility.
- Speed up the aging process.
- Rewire the brain, leaving you more vulnerable to anxiety & depression.
- Pain of any kind. - Depression.
- He • Q. How do we recognize stress overload? • Inability to concentrate.
• Poor judgment.
• Seeing only the negative.
• Anxious or racing thoughts.
• Constant worrying. • Sleeping too much or too little.
• Using alcohol, cigarettes, or drugs to • Nervous habits (e.g.nail biting,pacing).
Identification of the sources of stress.
Dealing with stressful situations: The 4 A’s. • (i) Identify the sources of stress in your life – • (ii) Start a stress journal – Each time you feel • (iii) Coping strategies: Avoid maladaptive • (iv)Dealing with stressful situations: The 4A’s.
Learn how to say “no”. Know your limits Pare down your to-do list. Drop tasks not truly necessary to the bottom of the list oreliminate them entirely.
• If you can’t change the stressor, change • Preparing for stress before it happens • Look for the upside. • Share your feelings.
• Learn to forgive.
A. Make time for fun and relaxation.
• Connect with others via phones, mails, • Do something you enjoy everyday.
• Keep your sense of humour.
• Reduce caffeine and sugar.
• Avoid alcohol, cigarettes, and Tips for reaching out and building relationships Take a class or join a club like rotary etc.
F. Positive mental attitudeG. Prayers, meditation, praises.
• Efforts to control, reduce or learn to tolerate the • Maintains a person’s sense of control and worth • Maintains a person’s sense of control and wort • May involve denial of the existence of the • Displacement, reaction formation, projection, sublimation, regression, repression, rationalizn • Stress is a normal part of life. Avoiding it • Stress that can either help us learn and grow • While there are promising treatments for stress, the management of stress is mostly dependent on that willingness of a person to make the changes necessary for a healthy lifestyle.


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