e t of the Georgian National Platform of the Eastern Partnership’s conference held on 15 September
2012 “Parliamentary elections and Georgia’s EU integration prospects”:
The 1 October parliamentary election is an extremely important challenge for Georgia’s statehood and
democratic development. Ensuring a free and fair election environment and holding the elections to high
standard will in large part determine the future progress of Georgia’s European integration.
It is the state that is bound to ensure free elections, so accordingly the government bears a large share of
responsibility. At the same time, it is important that all actors in the election process comprehend their
own share of responsibility and act in a way that respects the rule of law and conforms to civilized and
The National Platform urges all participants in the electoral process to react appropriately to the problems
outlined below in the short period of time remaining before the election in order to ensure that Georgia’s
citizens can express their will in a fair and competitive environment.
The pre-election situation in Georgia is characterized by growing polarization and tension, which inhibits
a healthy and competitive election process. Conditions of competition are being violated, the development
of a democratic political culture is being hindered and tension is escalating, creating the danger of civil
One of the causes of the polarization and tension is the use of hate speech, insulting terminology,
unfounded accusations, sharply negative PR and, in some cases, the use of physical violence against
political opponents. Such “rules of the game” are unacceptable in a country which declares that its main
goal is European integration and, consequently, strives to establish European values and democratic
Accordingly, the Georgian National Platform urges:
e – as the main bearer of responsibility for the holding of
the election in a fair and equitable environment – to approach the issue of forming the election
environment with a deep sense of accountability and not create any bases for the further escalation of
tensions and not allow unfair or selective approaches to be applied towards political subjects;
t to comprehend their own share of responsibility refrain from discrediting or provoking
political opponents in an unacceptable manner and uphold the rules of healthy competition in order to
t to comprehend the importance of their role in forming public opinion and not facilitate
further polarization, especially while covering electoral processes, and be guided by journalistic ethics and
The existence of a pluralistic media environment is of decisive importance in ensuring free and fair
elections, the free expression of the will of the voters, and the development of democratic processes. Access
to a diverse array of information is critically important both during the campaign period and during and
after the polling day in order to ensure trust in the democratic electoral process.
To this end, the enshrinement of the “must carry, must offer” principles in law (obliging cable TV
providers to carry all stations that cover news) has been a step forward. However, the matter that these
regulations expire on Election Day does not correspond to the public interest, as the election process and
the public’s high degree of interest in it does not end on polling day. Furthermore, the public interest in
having a diverse media environment is not limited to the election period alone. A pluralistic media – given
its importance and the current situation in Georgia – in reality represents such an important public interest
that the state is justified in setting a special regulation.
e t to immediately convene a special session of parliament and raise the issue of
extending the validity of the “must carry, must offer” law in the country;
n to discuss this issue at a special session and provide legislative guarantees that
the “must carry, must offer” principle is extended until the establishment of digital broadcasting in the
One of the main factors hindering the dissemination of diverse information – even under the “must carry,
must offer” law – is the population’s limited access to cable operators’ services, especially in the rural areas,
where the only way to receive diverse information is with satellite dish antennas. Accordingly,
discriminatory conditions are in place for a large part of the population.
We consider the impoundment of satellite dish antennas of a private TV company on the basis of so-called
“reasonable suspicion” (that they were intended for distribution as part of an alleged vote-buying scheme)
to be a constraint for society’s access to information and a hindrance to the formation of a fair election
environment. Against this backdrop, we welcome the Intergovernmental Commission’s statement that it is
willing to lift sanctions on Maestro TV’s satellite dish antennas and allow for their distribution under
The National Platform urges the government and other political actors to ensure that this process goes
ahead quickly and effectively, that a deal is reached among political subjects on the basis of non-
discriminatory and mutually acceptable conditions and that satellite dish antennas are distributed as
quickly as possible ahead of the election.
*The National Platform, for its part, is willing to take part in monitoring the process and ensuring that the
public receives detailed information about it;
* The National Platform believes that in future mass media outlets, including independent TV stations,
should not be hindered from developing their own distribution systems.
The most important precondition for conducting the election in accordance with Western standards is the creation of a competitive and equitable pre-election environment. This implies honouring the supremacy of the law and prioritizing the interests of voters. Parity among the election subjects is significantly hindered by several factors, one of the most important and pressing being the illegal use of administrative resources. “Illegal use of administrative resources” is defined rather narrowly in Georgian legislation and its definition in fact applies to the use of technical resources (buildings, transport, communications and news outlets) while other important manifestations of the use of administrative resources remain beyond the reach of the law. Still, it is difficult to oversee the application of the regulations set out in the law, especially given that in
many cases there is no clear boundary between the state and the ruling party in terms of the use budgetary
resources as well as the participation of state officials in election campaigning.
e to do their utmost to stop the illegal use of administrative resources and, guided by
the spirit of the law, respond adequately to violations thereof;
e to refrain from using them illegally in order to
ensure equal conditions for election participants and ensure that the electoral process is not discredited.
The National Platform is concerned about the lack of voter information regarding the secret ballot
principle and, in some cases, deliberate efforts aimed at casting doubt on the secrecy of the ballot, exerting
psychological pressure on voters and limiting free expression of their will. This has an extremely negative
influence on the pre-election environment.
* Launch a wide-scale campaign to educate voters about polling day procedures which clearly and
unequivocally states that the principle of the secret ballot will be upheld strictly and unwaveringly;
* Ensure that electoral laws and the principle of the secret ballot are upheld unwaveringly on election day.
The Georgian National Platform believes the activities of international and local observers play an
important role and thanks the international community and international organizations for sending large
numbers of observers. The Platform expresses the hope that this will help ensure the transparency and
We call on all subjects participating in the election to work actively with both international and local
monitoring organizations in order to ensure that the election is held in a fair and transparent manner. The
National Platform also expresses its willingness to cooperate actively with representatives of international
and local monitoring organizations throughout the election process.
The Georgian National Platform urges poli
* Not to facilitate the escalation of the situation and uphold European democratic values and the universally recognized and declared norms of personal human freedom and constitutional rights; * To ensure that Georgia’s electoral legislation is fully adhered to on election day as well as during the
coverage of election day and the poll’s results;
* To respect the political will of Georgia’s citizens expressed in the election, as summarized in line with the
rules established by the Georgian legislation and as recognized by local and international monitoring
INVESTIGATING INTERACTIONS AMONG PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOUNDS ON STREAM BIOFILMS Mount Saint Mary’s University, 16300 Old Emmitsburg Rd, Emmitsburg, MD 21727 MENTOR SCIENTISTS: DRS. EMMA ROSI-MARSHALL AND HEATHER BECHTOLD Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Box AB, Millbrook NY, 12545 Abstract . Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPS) are any products used by people for h
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