To encourage Health Science students to explore and learn about selected health care careers and to assess knowledge common in the health care community.
Each "Knowledge Test" will be a 100 item multiple choice written exam with an essay
tie-breaker question. Each test will be related to a specific career or specialty area from within the health care community or related information that applies to several health specialties. Questions will measure knowledge at the recall, application and analysis levels. Competitors will select only one test and each test will be considered a separate event.
Competitors must be in official HOSA uniform or proper business attire. Bonus points will be awarded for proper dress.
Competitors in this event must be active members of HOSA-Future Health
Professionals, in good standing in the category in which they are registered to compete (Secondary or Postsecondary/Collegiate).
Competitors must be familiar with and adhere to the “General Rules and Regulations of the National HOSA Competitive Events Program (GRR)."
One essay question will be administered with the original test. In case of a tie, the essay question will be judged and used to break the tie.
The test plans and resources for the Knowledge Tests for 2013-14 are:
HUMAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
All stages include biophysical, mental/cognitive, social, and emotional development.
References for Human Growth and Development
Polan, Elaine and Daphne Taylor, Journey Across the Lifespan:Human Development and Health Promotion. F.A. Davis, Latest edition.
Dacey, John S. & Travers, John F, Human Development Across the Lifespan, McGraw Hill College Division, Latest edition.
Simmers, Louise. DHO: Health Science. Cengage Learning, Latest edition.
MEDICAL LAW AND ETHICS
Knowledge Tests Guidelines (July 2013) 1
The Basics: Medical Law, Ethics and Bioethics
Ethical and Bioethical Issues in Medicine
References for Medical Law and Ethics
Lewis, Tamparo and Tatro. Medical Law, Ethics and Bioethics. F.A. Davis, Latest edition.
• Fremgen, Bonnie. Medical Law and Ethics. Prentice Hall, Latest edition. NUTRITION
References for Nutrition
Roth, Ruth. Nutrition and Diet Therapy, Delmar Publishers. Latest edition.
Nix, Staci. Williams’ Basic Nutrition and Diet Therapy, Elsevier Science/Mosby, Inc. Latest edition.
Knowledge Tests Guidelines (July 2013) 2
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY (Including cancer and neoplasms) References for Pathophysiology
Frazier. Essentials of Human Diseases and Conditions. Elsevier, Latest edition.
Mulvihill, Mary Lou. Human Diseases: A Systemic Approach. Prentice Hall. Latest edition.
Safety will be integrated throughout the test plan
Drug Names, Classifications, Action, and Interactions
References for Pharmacology
Fulcher, Soto and Fulcher. Pharmacology: Principles and Applications. Elsevier, Latest edition.
Smith, Bonnie J. and Sally Roach. Roach’s Introductory Clinical Pharmacology. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Latest edition.
TRANSCULTURAL HEALTH CARE
Health, healing and family traditions
Religion, rituals, health and illness
Knowledge Tests Guidelines (July 2013) 3
References for Transcultural Health Care
Purnell, Larry. Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach,
Spector, Rachel E. Cultural Diversity in Health and Illness. Prentice Hall.
NOTE: States/regions may use a different process for testing, to include but not limited to pre-conference testing, online testing, and testing at a computer. Check with your Area/Region/State for the process you will be using.
All competitors shall report to the site of the event at the time designated for the event orientation. The test will immediately follow the orientation. No proxies will be allowed for the orientation.
Test Instructions Competitors will be given instructions on the use of the Scantron form. After instructions have been given to the competitors, they will be notified to start the test. There will be a maximum of 90 minutes to complete the test. There will be a verbal announcement when there are 15 minutes remaining for the test period. Competitors may be excused from the testing site promptly after completion of the test.
The competitor should write his/her answer to the tie-breaker question on the tie-breaker page of the test THAT REMAINS ATTACHED to the original test.
Required Personnel (Per Section): No sections within levels.
One judge who is considered by the National HOSA Competitive Events committee to be an expert in the area being tested - to grade the essay questions in case of a tie
One QA to provide quality assurance for the event by ensuring that the guidelines
are followed and all event documents are complete.
Facilities, Equipment and Materials (Per Section):
One room to accommodate the total number of competitors
Tables/chairs or schoolroom desks/chairs for total number of competitors
Table/chairs for event personnel to provide for registration and materials
Number two pencils with an eraser to be brought to the event by the competitor.
Test packets which are pre-numbered and Scantron answer forms
Print or electronic copy of the event guidelines for the event orientation
(Optional) Competitors are encouraged to wear a watch to keep track of the time
during the test. Most HOSA event rooms do not have wall clocks.
***To be brought to competitive event by competitors.
Knowledge Tests Guidelines (July 2013) 4
Event Flow Chart Sample Test Questions
Human Growth and Development
When infants are stimulated over and over there is often a decrease in attention called
The age at which children draw figures representative of humans, animals, and buildings
The prejudice that the elderly are inferior to those who are younger is called
Medical Law and Ethics
In contract law, the person working under the direction of another person is acting in the role of
The law that requires every adult be informed of their right to make decisions concerning medical care, including the right to refuse treatment is the
Ability to Determine Treatment Act (ADTA).
Knowledge Tests Guidelines (August 2013) 5
All information given to health care personnel by the patient is considered
The body organ that has no stored supply of glucose and requires a minute to minute supply to
Lactose, maltose and sucrose belong to the carbohydrate classification of
Diets high in cholesterol content are thought to contribute to
The usual cause of osteomalacia is a deficiency or ineffective use of
The type of shock caused by a decrease in blood volume that causes blood pressure to drop is
What neurotransmitter is not produced in sufficient quantities in someone with Parkinson’s disease?
The 1963 Act which give pharmaceutical firms incentives to develop and manufacture medications for
diseases affecting only a small number of people is the
Amendment to Applications for FDA Approval to Market a New Drug.
Knowledge Tests Guidelines (August 2013) 6
The client who is taking salicylates for an anti-inflammatory disease should be watched closely for
Dramamine 50 mg PO is ordered for vomiting. The bottle is labeled 5 mg/4 ml. How many ml should be given?
Transcultural Health Care
Barry, a recent graduate from dental school, wishes to be prepared to care for a culturally diverse
patient population in the United States. Most of his patients will likely come from what three nations?
Dominican Republic, Vietnam and Columbia
If you are assigned to care for a patient from Morocco, Tunisia or Pakistan, you would anticipate that
A nurse invites Mr. Chen into the labor room to be with his wife who is in the early stages of labor. Mr. Chen refuses. The nurse should:
Explain to the patient that her husband was invited to sit with her and refused.
Talk to Mr. Chen and help him overcome his fears for his wife’s well-being.
Ask the physician to talk to Mr. Chen and encourage him to be at his wife’s side.
Respect Mr. Chen’s decision to not be present during his wife’s labor.
Knowledge Tests Guidelines (August 2013) 7
Exenatide (Byetta) T and Liraglutide (Victoza) T prescribing guidance: Notes for initiation in primary care These incretin mimetics are given by subcutaneous injection once or twice daily. They have similar licenses; dual therapy with metformin or a sulphonylurea , for patients with insufficient glycaemic control despite maximally tolerated doses, or for triple therapy with metformin an
Polyphenols and disease risk in epidemiologic studies1–4 ABSTRACT In addition to their antioxidant properties, polyphenols showPlant polyphenols, a large group of natural antioxidants, are seriousseveral interesting effects in animal models and in vitro systems;candidates in explanations of the protective effects of vegetables andthey trap and scavenge free radicals, regulate nitric oxi