Volume 1, Issue 2
Spraying for Soybean Aphids and Mites
. Increasingly across Ohio, soybean aphids and soybean mites
are becoming a problem. Spray programs are necessary to keep these pests
below economic levels. Common insecticides for controlling the soybean aphidare: Warrior
• Registration -- our numbersare increasing
(zeta-cypermethrin) and Furadan
(Carbofuran). Under the rightconditions, all of these materials will kill bees.
Spray applications are on an “as needed” basis. Much of Ohio is already past theflowering stage, but some areas are still in flower and spraying is on-going.
. The weather has been dampening mite populations on
soybeans to some extent, but frequently materials such as Lorsban
continued on page 3
Dr. James E. TewState Specialist, Beekeping
Terramycin Resistant American Foulbrood
It has been known that American Foulbrood was at some point going to beresistant to Terramycin (TM). In 2003 the first “moderately tolerant” sample
results were returned from the USDA lab on a few samples from Ohio. In 2004 of
the samples tested 54% were determined to be moderately tolerant. Thequestion remained as to when the first fully resistant sample would be found. The
answer came on July 11, 2005 when a sample result came back with a 14MM
zone of resistance. On the resistance chart anything 29MM or less is considered
8995 East Main StreetReynoldsburg, OH 43068
The sample was from a hobby beekeeper in northwest township of Williamscounty. The Ohio Dept. of Agriculture is currently working with this particular
beekeeper, the USDA and the FDA to control this incident and to gain approval for
e-mail: grafton_laptop @mail.agri.state.oh.us
The disease, while posing no health risk to humans, is caused by a sporeforming bacteria known as Paenibacillus larvae
. Only the spore stage isinfectious to honeybees. All castes of honeybees are susceptible to the disease;
continued on page 3
Information contained within this newsletter is not an endorsement of any particular product. Neither Ohio State University Extension nor Ohio Department ofAgriculture or any employees thereof may be held liable for the outcome of using any of the information contained herein.
found at www.ba.ars.usda.gov/beelab It has
John Grafton & James Tew
information concerning disease research as wellas links to the other USDA labs. By using the
It seems there is a web site for any subject
various drop down lists there is a wealth of
imaginable. We are not going to try to list all the
information and links to many sites.
ones for beekeeping. Rather we will highlight the“official” ones for the writers of this newsletter plus
Some local clubs and inspectors have their own
a couple of others that are related.
site. If your bee association does or if as aninspector you have a site send the address to
The Ohio Dept. of Agriculture
apiary program can
John at the address listed and we will try to put
be found at www.ohioagriculture.gov Then go
under programs to regulatory. Then drop down toPlant Industry under which you will find the apiaryprogram. This site has the various informationsheets available, an application for registration, a
list of all the county inspectors, county by county
breakdown of last season inspections, links toother sites, and yes you can even e-mail us thru
Revised Code states that anyone owning or
The Ohio State University
, Honey Bee Lab
possessing bees in Ohio must on or before the
Wooster can be found at www.beelab.osu.edu .
first of June, or within ten days of coming into
This site also has a number of information sheets
ownership of bees, register them with the
available, links to other sites, news and events,
Director of Agriculture. As of June 6, 2005
information on the bee garden, an audio of queens
there were 2589 current registrations, this
piping, and is also e-mail connected.
compares with 2016 for the same period ayear earlier. Final registrations for 2004 were
Bees and Pollination
3018 registrants. The department will soon be
state.edu/agnic/bee provides selected web resources
mailing a second notice to those who were
about honey bees, beekeeping and pollination by bees,
registered previously and are not currently.
including an “Ask the Expert” option. The resource is
These people will also be notified that they owe
provided by Ms Connie Britton, OSU Library at
a ten dollar late filing fee in addition to the
Wooster and Dr. James E. Tew, Department of
Entomology, The Ohio State University, Wooster, Ohio44691. This bee page is part of the USDA National
Agricultural Library’s electronic information system.
For information on any agricultural topic, search: http://www.agnic.org/agnic/index_html
It is too late to discuss swarm control—they havealready flown. Many calls came in from all areas
The Ohio State University
, Rothenbuhler Honey
in Columbus which can be found at the
web site http://iris.biosci.ohio-state.edu/honeybee/
breeding This site highlights the activities of Sue
Cobey and the bee breeding programs being
carried out at the lab. The site lists courses and
training for instrumental insemination. It also has
links to other sites, including some that are notlisted at the other “Ohio” sites.
of honey production.
Beekeepers and inspectors
Going outside of Ohio an interesting site is for the
from around the state indicate that the boxes are
USDA Beltsville Bee Research Lab
. It can be
filling up fast taking beekeepers by surprise.
Soy beans Aphids continued from Page 1. . .
them from year to year. He follows labelinstructions.
(dimethoate – discontinued) are still
4. For Small Hive Beetle Control, Mr. Wilbanks
uses ChekMite® strips on a Wilbanks “BeetleBoard.”
The board is 3 ½” wide by 10 ½” long
and is made of thin plywood (about 3/16" thick)
Most Ohio beekeepers do not get a significant flow
with spacers on either end ½” wide x 3 ½”
from soybeans so little harm is done to beehives.
long and 3/16" thick. A full-length ChekMite
Hives situated near the field could suffer from
accidental drift. Obviously, moving the hive(s)
spacers and the board is pushed into the hive
would eliminate the problem or alternatively
with the strip downward. Beetles hide under
covering the hive with plastic or burlap would offer
the 3/16" space next to the chemical strip. The
bottom board must be clean for this device to
temperature is high and a covered hive might suffer
work. Mr. Wilbanks follows label instructions
more from excessive heat than from pesticide
for installing and removing strips. The Beetle
spray drift. Hives should not be covered any longer
than is necessary. Spray applications early in the
modifying corrugated board – plus the full-
morning or late in the afternoon would be helpful.
length strip is subsequently available for
Applying sprays on windless days would also be
traditional Varroa control procedures.
helpful, but such weather can’t be predicted.
Presently, I have not heard of any serious kills fromsoybean spraying, but beekeepers should be alertand protect their hives as much as possible.
Pest Control Procedures in the
Figure 1. A Wilbanks Beetle Board
Wilbanks Apiaries, Claxton, GA
5. Keep everything clean. Every one of the
thousands of frames at Wilbanks Apiaries is
I had the opportunity to talk with Reg Wilbanks,
owner of Wilbanks Apiaries in Claxton, Georgia.
boards, tops, and inner covers are scraped
He runs 6000 colonies and 15,000 mating nucs
clean. Low quality combs are discarded. Mr.
during an average season. They produce about
Wilbanks feels that a colony that is organized,
20,000 packages per year and produce about
60,000 queens. They earn 85% of their annual
income in a nine-week period during the springseason.
Terramycin continued from page 1. . .
Wilbanks suggestions and recommendations:
however worker larvae are particularly susceptible.
1. When removing and reinstalling frames, keep
The disease spreads in one of four methods; 1)
frames in the same order as the bees build
nurse bees transmit bacillus spores to young larvae
them. In this way, the bee nest is always
2) honey is stored in contaminated cells 3) bees are
exposed to contaminated honey 4) the sameequipment is used for both diseased and healthy
2. Requeen every year. (Mr. Wilbanks requeens
colonies. Diseased colonies left untreated will
gradually die and subsequently the honey will be
robbed out by other bees in the area, thus spreading
Apistan® and ChekMite® strips and rotates
the disease to those colonies. This may in timeaffect pollination and crop production in the area.
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