ManualofSensor less Brushless Motor Speed Controller Ver. HW-01-081027.1 Thanks for purchasing our Electronic Speed Controller (ESC). High power system for RC model can be very dangerous, so we strongly suggest you read this manual carefully and thoroughly. In that we have no control over the correct use, installation, application, or maintenance of this product, no liability shall be assumed nor accepted for any damages, losses or costs resulting from the use of the product. Any claims arising from the operating, failure or malfunctioning etc. will be denied. We assume no liability for personal injury, property damage or consequential damages resulting from our product or our workmanship. As far as is legally permitted, the obligation to compensation is limited to the invoice amount of the affected product. Features: Balance Discharge Monitoring and Protection (BDMP) Design for lithium battery pack. This innovative new system provides real time monitoring of the discharge voltage of each cell in your lithium (Li-ion/Li-poly) battery packs. Since each cell is monitored and protected by the ESC, you can expect an even longer service life from your battery packs as you fly with increased confidence. (Remark: This function is ONLY available for the “Guard” series ESC)
Compatible with Lithium and Nickel battery types. (Lithium-Ion / Lithium-Polymer or Nickel Metal Hydride / Nickel Cadmium)
Extreme low output resistance, super current endurance.
Multiple protection features: Low-voltage cut-off protection / over-heat protection / throttle signal loss protection.
3 start modes: Normal / Soft / Super-Soft, compatible with fixed-wing aircraft and helicopter.
Throttle range can be configured to be compatible with all transmitters currently available on market.
Smooth, linear and precise throttle response.
Separate voltage regulator IC for microprocessor (except Pentium-6A and Pentium-10A), providing good anti-jamming capability.
Supported motor speed (Maximum): 210000 RPM (2 poles), 70000 RPM (6 poles), 35000 RPM (12 poles).
Program Card can be purchased separately for extremely easily programming the ESC at the field.
With a program card, you can activate the music playing function of the ESC, and totally there are 15 songs can be selected.
Specifications: Pentium Series Battery Cell Current Current Output Li-ion NiMH Prog ramm- Discha rg e (>1 0s) (Note1 ) Prot ection BEC Output Capability Linear Mode BEC(5V/ A Switch Mode BEC(5V/3A) Note1: BEC means the “Battery Elimination Circuit”. It is a DC-DC voltage regulator to supplies the receiver other and equipments from the main batte
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mi . IMPORTANT! The ESC named “xxx-xxx-OPTO” does not have a built-in BEC. An UBEC (Ultimate-BEC) or an individual battery pack should be used to power the receiver. And an individual battery pack is needed to power the program card when setting the programmable value of such ESCs. Please read the user manual of program card for reference. Wiring Diagram: ManualofSensor less Brushless Motor Speed Controller Ver. HW-01-081027.1 Programmable Items: Brake Setting：Enabled / Disabled, default is Disabled Battery Type：Li-xx(Li-ion or Li-poly) / Ni-xx(NiMH or NiCd)，default is Li-xx. Low Voltage Protection Mode(Cut-Off Mode)： Soft Cut-Off (Gradually reduce the output power) or Cut-Off (Immediately stop the output power). Default is Soft Cut-Off. Low Voltage Protection Threshold(Cut-Off Threshold)：Low / Medium / High, default is Medium. When NOT using balance discharge monitoring and protection function (i.e. Not plugging the balance charge connector into the BDMP socket on the Guard series ESC, the ESC only monitors the voltage of the whole battery pack )
For lithium batteries, the number of battery cells is calculated automatically. Low / medium / high cutoff voltage for each cell is: 2.6V/2.85V/3.1V. For example: For a 3 cells lithium pack, when “Medium” cutoff threshold is set, the cut-off voltage will be: 2.85*3=8.55V.
For nickel batteries, low / medium / high cutoff voltages are 0%/45%/60% of the startup voltage (i.e. the initial voltage of battery pack), and 0% means the low voltage cut-off function is disabled. For example: For a 10 cells NiMH battery, fully charged voltage is 1.44*10=14.4V, when “Medium” cut-off threshold is set, the cut-off voltage will be:14.4*45%=6.5V。
When using balance discharge monitoring and protection function (i.e. Plugging the balance charge connector on battery pack into the BDMP socket on the Guard series ESC, the ESC monitors not only the voltage of the whole battery pack but also the voltage of each cell). For lithium battery，low / medium / high cut off voltage for each cell is: 2.6V/2.85V/3.1V. When the voltage of any cell in battery pack is lower than the cut-off threshold, the protection function is activated. Startup Mode：Normal /Soft /Super-Soft, default is Normal.
Normal is preferred for fixed-wing aircraft. Soft or Super-soft are preferred for helicopters. The initial acceleration of the Soft and Super-Soft modes are slower in comparison, usually taking 1 second for Soft startup or 2 seconds for Super-Soft startup from initial throttle advance to full throttle. If the throttle is closed (throttle stick moved to bottom) and opened again (throttle stick moved to top) within 3 seconds of the initial startup, the restart-up will be temporarily changed to normal mode to get rid of the chances of a crash caused by slow throttle response. This special design is very suitable for aerobatic flight when quick throttle response is needed.
Timing：Low / Medium / High, default is Low. Note2
Usually, low timing value can be used for most motors. We recommend the Low timing value for 2 poles motor and medium timing value for motors with more than 6 poles to get a high efficiency. For higher speed, High timing value can be chosen. Note2: After changing the timing setting, please test your RC model on the ground prior to flight! Special Note Some high KV out-runner motors have very special construction, the space between each magnet is very large, and many ESCs can’t drive these motors. After much testing, our ESCs have proven to work very well with these types of motors. Some RC enthusiasts still have several questions about the programming value for these special motors. Therefore, we have provided some suggestions as follows: Programmable Value Suggestion Timing Startup
Usually, aircraft use “Normal” startup mode
and helicopter use “Super-soft” startup mode
Align 420LF (Made in TAIWAN, out-runner)
Begin To Use Your New ESC Please start the ESC in the following sequences: 1.
Move the throttle stick to the bottom position and then switch on the transmitter.
Connect the battery pack to the ESC, the ESC begins the self-test process, a special tone “ 123” is emitted, which means the
voltage of the battery pack is in normal range, and then N “beep” tones will be emitted, means the number of lithium battery cells. Finally a long “beep------” tone will be emitted, which means self-test is OK, the aircraft/helicopter is ready to go flying.
If nothing is happened, please check the battery pack and all the connections;
” is emitted after 2 beep tones (“beep-beep-”), means the ESC has entered the program mode, it is
because the throttle channel of your transmitter is reversed, please set it correctly;
If the very rapid “beep-beep-, beep-beep-” tones is emitted, means the input voltage is too low or too high, please check your battery’s voltage.
Because different transmitter has different throttle range, we strongly suggest you use the “Throttle Range Setting Function” to calibrate throttle range. Please read the instruction on page 4------“Throttle Range Setting”. Alert Tone
Input voltage is abnormal: The ESC begins to check the voltage when the battery pack is connected, if the voltage is not in the acceptable range, such an alert tone will be emitted: “beep-beep-, beep-beep-,beep-beep-” (Every “beep-beep-” has a time interval of about 1 second. )
Throttle signal is abnormal: When the ESC can’t detect the normal throttle signal, such an alert tone will be emitted: “beep-, beep-, beep-”. (Every “beep-” has a time interval of about 2 seconds)
Throttle stick is not in the bottom position: When the throttle stick is not in bottom (lowest) position, a very rapid alert tone will be emitted: “beep-, beep-, beep-”. (Every “beep-” has a time interval of about 0.25 second.)
ManualofSensor less Brushless Motor Speed Controller Ver. HW-01-081027.1 Protection Function 1.
Abnormal start up protection: If the motor fails to start within 2 seconds of throttle application, the ESC will cut-off the output power. In this case, the throttle stick MUST be moved to the bottom again to restart the motor. (Such a situation happens in the following cases: The connection between ESC and motor is not reliable, the propeller or the motor is blocked, the gearbox is damaged, etc.)
Over-heat protection: When the temperature of the ESC is over 110 Celsius degrees, the ESC will reduce the output power.
Throttle signal loss protection: The ESC will reduce the output power if throttle signal is lost for 1 second, further loss for 2 seconds will cause its output to be cut-off completely.
Program Example Setting “Start Mode” to “Super-Soft”, i.e. value #3 in the programmable item #5 1. Enter Program Mode
Switch on transmitter, move throttle stick to top position, connect battery pack to ESC, wait for 2 seconds, “beep-beep” tone should be emitted. Then wait for another 5 seconds, special tone like “
” should be emitted, which means program mode is entered.
2. Select Programmable Items
Now you’ll hear 8 tones in a loop. When a long “beep------” tone is emitted, move throttle stick to bottom to enter the “Start Mode”
3. Set Item Value (Programmable Value)
“Beep-”, wait for 3 seconds; “Beep-beep-”, wait for another 3 seconds; then you’ll hear “beep-beep-beep”, move throttle stick to top
” is emitted, now you have set the “Start Mode” item to the value of “Super-Soft”
4. Exit Program Mode After the special tone “
”, move throttle stick to bottom within 2 seconds.
Trouble Shooting Trouble Possible
After power on, motor does not work, no The connection between battery Check the power connection. sound is emitted
After power on, motor does not work, Input voltage is abnormal, too high Check the voltage of battery pack such an alert tone is emitted:
The balance charge connector is Check the connection of the balance charge
(Every “beep-beep-” has a time interval not located properly in BDMP connector and the BDMP adapter. of about 1 second)
After power on, motor does not work, Throttle signal is irregular
“beep-, beep-, beep- ”(Every “beep-” has
a time interval of about 2 seconds) After power on, motor does not work, The throttle stick is not in the Move the throttle stick to bottom position such an alert tone is emitted:
“beep-, beep-, beep-” (Every “beep-” has a time interval of about 0.25 second) After power on, motor does not work, a Direction of the throttle channel is Set the direction of throttle channel correctly special tone “
” is emitted after 2 reversed, so the ESC has entered
The motor runs in the opposite direction
The connection between ESC and Swap any two wire connections between ESC and the motor need to be changed.
The motor stop running while in working Throttle signal is lost
ESC has entered Low Voltage Land RC model as soon as possible, and then Protection mode
Check all the connections: battery pack connection, throttle signal cable, motor connections, etc.
Random stop or restart or irregular There is strong electro-magnetic Reset the ESC to resume normal operation. If the working state
function could not resume, you might need to move to another area to fly.
ManualofSensor less Brushless Motor Speed Controller Ver. HW-01-081027.1 Normal startup procedure: Move throttle
Throttle range setting:(Throttle range should be reset whenever a new transmitter is being used)
Program the ESC with your transmitter (4 Steps): 2. Select programmable items:
After entering program mode, you will hear 8 tones in a loop with
the following sequence. If you move the throttle stick to bottom
3. Set item’s value (Programmable value)
within 3 seconds after one kind of tones, this item will be selected.
1. Enter program mode
1) Switch on transmitter, move throttle stick to
“beep-beep-beep-” cutoff mode (3 short tone)
“beep-beep-beep-beep-” cutoff threshold (4 short tone)
2) Wait for 2 seconds, the motor should emit
“beep-----beep-” timing (1 long 1 short)
3) Wait for another 5 seconds, special tone like
“beep-----beep-beep-” set all to default (1 long 2 short)
8. “beep-----beep-----” e x i t ( 2 l o n g t o n e )
Note: 1 long “beep-----” = 5 short “beep-” 3. Set item value (Programmable value): 4. Exit program mode
You will hear several tones in loop. Set the value matching to a tone by moving throttle stick
to top when you hear the tone, then a special tone “
and saved. (Keeping the throttle stick at top, you will go back to step 2 and you can select
other items; Moving the stick to bottom within 2 seconds will exit program mode directly)
“beep-” “beep-beep-” “beep-beep-beep” 1 short tone 2 short tones 3 short tones Battery type Li-ion / Li-poly Cutoff mode Soft-Cut Cutoff threshold Start mode Super soft
b) security, excessive wear and elongation of attachment NEPALESE CIVIL AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS freedom from slip of the release mechanism and MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS CHAPTER C.11 e) freedom of operation of safety harness inertia reels. SAFETY EQUIPMENT Whenever inspection shows that a belt or harness may have lost strength, each seat belt and safety harness shall be proof
Selective Nerve root block (lumbar) Multiple causes of radiculopathy have been discovered. Pressure on the nerve may result in an autoimmune response that can elicit pain. Because the venous drainage lies on the outside of the nerve, pressure on the nerve increases the venous pressure, causing a compartment syndrome within the substance of the nerve. This syndrome causes ischemia and pain with