In what quantities are lithium and lithium ion batteries generally shipped?
and lithium ion batteries are shipped in large and small quantities. For example, a single
package may contain as few as five batteries, a pallet may contain more than 1,000
batteries, or they may be packed with or contained in equipment. Why do some packages of lithium and lithium ion batteries now contain a
Manufacturers of lithium and lithium ion batteries began
implementing a new voluntary air transportation communications program (VATCP) in
2001 as an added step in assuring air transportation safety of products that are currently
excepted from dangerous goods/hazardous materials regulations. By early 2001,
packages originating from program participants and shipped by air that contain more than
small quantities of excepted lithium or lithium ion cells and batteries will carry a
distinctive marking. It will clearly identify the presence of these cells and batteries. The
program participants also will provide additional documentation or notification on
shipping papers that these cells and batteries are being shipped and use upgraded
packaging. Packages containing very limited quantities of cells and batteries will not
carry the cautionary marking. Must consumer-sized lithium or lithium ion batteries be shipped as regulated
dangerous goods/hazardous materials?
No. Small, consumer-type lithium and lithium
ion batteries are provided an exception from dangerous goods/hazardous materials
regulations. For example, Special Provision 188 of the UN Recommendations on the
Transport of Dangerous Goods Model Regulations, Special Provision A45 of the ICAO
Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air, and Section
173.185 of the U.S. Hazardous Materials Regulations provide exceptions to the
regulations. Thus, packages containing small, consumer-type lithium and lithium ion
batteries DO NOT require the same markings, labels, and shipping papers as dangerous
goods/hazardous materials. Will all lithium and lithium ion battery manufacturers around the world participate
in the VATCP?
Participants in the program manufacture the vast majority of lithium
and lithium ion batteries used in the world today. Starting on or about January 1, 2003,
however, the UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods Model
Regulations, and many other transportation regulations, will contain requirements similar
to the provisions in the VATCP. Thus, modified packaging, additional documentation,
and markings will be required for packages containing over a certain number of cells and
batteries. THESE CELLS AND BATTERIES, HOWEVER, WILL STILL BE
PROVIDED AN EXCEPTION FROM UN DANGEROUS GOODS/HAZARDOUS
MATERIALS REGULATIONS. What is the difference between lithium and lithium ion batteries?
differences are that lithium batteries contain lithium metal and are not rechargeable.
Lithium ion batteries, however, do not contain lithium metal and can be recharged. What are some of the typical uses for lithium and lithium ion batteries?
lithium and lithium ion batteries that are provided an exception to dangerous
goods/hazardous materials regulations are used primarily in consumer applications.
Small lithium batteries are often used in cameras and watches. Lithium ion batteries are
commonly found in cellular phones and laptop computers.
Cellular and Molecular Biology TM 51 , 307-320 ORGANIC NITRATES IN CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE Institut für Klinische Pharmakologie, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität, Magdeburg, Germany✍ Institut für Pharmakologie und Klinische Pharmakologie, Universitätsklinikum Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Fax: +49 211 81 14781; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Received December 10, 2004, Accepted Decemb
COUNTY OF SUFFOLK STEVE LEVY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH SERVICES JAMES L. TOMARKEN, MD MSW, MPH, MBA, FRCPC, FACP Commissioner All Ambulance and First Response Services in Suffolk County Chief, Prehospital Medical Operations and NEW SOP FOR BEHAVIORAL RESTRAINT AND NEW ALS PROTOCOL FOR BEHAVIORAL EMERGENCIES / AGITATION ___________________________________________________